Lifeguard training is mandatory in all United States and Canadian lifeguard professions. According to standards, any individual who can be 15 years of age at the time of applying for a lifeguard training class can qualify for consideration for training immediately by showing that he can swim 50 feet for swimming distance or a long-distance swim and that he can swim for a period of time of 300 seconds underwater without losing his consciousness. Another important requirement is that the person should be physically fit with good muscular development and body mass index (BMI). Lifeguards need to have a high tolerance to hot and cold temperatures both in salt and fresh water. One of the important aspects of lifeguard training is CPR, which stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
A certificate known as CPR is given to a lifeguard after he has provided first aid to an unconscious individual. CPR is not mandatory in lifeguard training, but it is helpful in the event of an emergency. Any lifeguard who has taken up the training and has proven himself to be an expert in first aid should be able to give first aid when needed in an emergency. Another important aspect of lifeguard training is swimming. Lifeguards need to be competent swimmers to perform their duties appropriately.
Lifeguard training involves several aspects of swimming, including skills in handling people in case of emergencies, such as breathing for a deep-sea lifeguard training or holding body parts submerged underwater until the rescuers arrive. Lifeguards also need to know about rescuing someone out of the water using flotation devices. The individual who can demonstrate being able to swim for long distances, hold buoyant objects like fishing lure or rings, and swim for long distances while maintaining their balance is a good one to start as a lifeguard. Good swimming ability is also necessary for a lifeguard to perform tasks of deepwater rescue training. Some lifeguards need to have prior experience of swimming for at least five years.
Lifeguards need to undergo basic CPR or first aid training to learn how to perform chest compressions on drowning victims. This is usually carried out by lifeguards who are also taught how to handle themselves in cases where they may need to use their hands to help someone in distress. Lifeguard certification also covers aspects of teaching lifeguards the correct way of saving a drowning victim from the water. Basic first aid training includes the steps of chest compressions, which can sometimes prove to be life-saving when applied on the victim in the water.
Lifeguards are also trained in emergencies involving electrical fires that could burn a lifeguard or his equipment. They also need to be equipped with fire extinguishers to put out any fire in the area. Lifeguards must have the proper training and certification to act as first responders. This is important because a lifeguard must take quick action to help an individual in distress. The person responding to a call also needs to know the basics of CPR or first aid training and practice using the methods daily. This ensures that he or she is well-equipped to deal with emergencies.
Lifeguards must be certified in swimming to be able to work in public pools. Lifeguards are mostly required to swim for at least 30 minutes continuously without taking breaks. This is to ensure that their heart rate and breathing are steady. Lifeguard training helps them learn how to respond to emergencies promptly. It also prepares them for their jobs as lifeguards at swimming pools.